Low back pain—also known as lumbago—is incredibly common, and symptoms—including the degree of pain—can vary immensely. Pain can be dull, throbbing, burning, or sharp, and low back pain also can cause stiffness, weakness, and spasms. Ultimately, the pain can cause functional limitations in daily life. The pain typically occurs as a result of overuse, strain, or injury. Poor posture during sitting, standing, moving, bending, lifting, or sleeping, as well as exercise and other strenuous activities, can also contribute to low back pain. Alternatively, certain conditions can cause it. These include degenerative disk disease, lumbar spinal stenosis, fractures, herniated disc, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and spinal tumors. In cases where the low back pain is the result of an injury, it’s important to get rest and avoid bending, lifting, stooping, and remaining in one position for extended periods of time. Pain should subside in a few days, but if it persists for a couple weeks, seek out physical therapy services. First, a therapist will conduct an initial examination, which will include strength, balance, and tests. Physical therapy treatment plans include joint and soft tissue manipulation and massage, strength and flexibility exercises, and applied heat, ice, and electrical stimulation. Typically, treatment plans last several weeks.