Myositis refers to muscle inflammation. A wide array of conditions can cause myositis, including lupus, autoimmune disease, and scleroderma. Viral infections, drug and alcohol use, and injury may also cause myositis. Symptoms of myositis depend on the condition that’s causing it; however, muscle weakness is a general symptom. If a medical professional suspects myositis in association with the patient’s condition, he or she can diagnose it through blood tests, MRIs, EMRs, or muscle biopsies. Similar to symptoms, treatment options depend on the causing condition. That being said, medical professionals may recommend corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, dietary changes, or vitamin and supplement regimens for myositis. The Myositis Association also recommends physical therapy, noting that even a moderate increase in activity or exercise can benefit those suffering from myositis. A common type of physical therapy for those with muscle issues, including myositis, is aquatherapy, which is a specialized form of physical therapy where therapy treatments and exercises are performed in water. The all-direction, modifiable resistance as well as many other qualities that water provides have proven effective in treating myositis, chronic pain, and inflammation disorders.