Spinal Cord Injury

Injuries to the spinal cord that result from trauma, rather than disease, are known as spinal cord injuries. The symptoms of these injuries can range from pain and incontinence to paralysis. Incomplete spinal cord injuries sometimes produce no noticeable effects in the affected person. Complete spinal cord injuries, on the other hand, indicate total loss of function. Other symptoms include pain, numbness, loss of sensation, loss of voluntary motor control, and muscle weakness.Treatment of these injuries usually begins with restricting spinal movement and reducing inflammation, thus reducing the chances of further damage. After that, the course of action depends on the degree and location of the injury. Sometimes, spinal cord injuries may require extensive physical therapy, particularly if the patient’s ability to perform activities of daily living is severely impaired. There are many different causes of spinal cord injuries. Usually, they result from traumatic episodes involving bending, dislocation, rotation, or abnormal flexion or extension. Some of the most common ones are trauma related to motor vehicle accidents, falls, work-related accidents, sports injuries, and violence. Treatment of spinal cord injuries may involve physical therapy, administration of anti-inflammatory drugs, and surgery. Even with the best available treatment, many patients never fully recover lost function. Usually, patients make the majority of their recovery gains during the first six months following the injury.