Poor posture, incorrect lifting techniques, and lack of body control can all be addressed with body mechanics training provided by a physical therapist or athletic trainer. In this training, a person can learn how to properly stand, sit, lift, pull, push, and carry items to reduce injury risk.
Good posture can be the starting point for body mechanics training. When a person is standing he or she should rest one foot higher than the other on a low stool, relaxing the upper body. When a person sits, he or she should sit all the way back against the chair with arms and feet supported. When turning to look at someone else while seated, he or she should keep the fit and hips moving in line with the upper body.
There are lots of different ways to lift a heavy object. Body mechanics training addresses how to properly lift depending on a person’s needs. When lifting, the back and neck should be in alignment, and the majority of the lifting strength should come from a person’s legs.
Pulling, or pushing an object should be initiated from the legs—just like lifting. This is a more efficient movement and allows the person to have more control over the movement of what he or she is pushing, or pulling.
Proper body mechanics are important to avoid injury from chronic use. While training body mechanics, a therapist or athletic trainer might also have a person participate in strength training or aerobic exercise.