Knee Rehabilitation

Following knee injury or surgery, a knee rehabilitation physical therapy program can help decrease pain, accelerate healing, and promote normal joint function. Such programs include a variety of exercises designed to improve strength and mobility in the affected knee. Physical therapists can design individualized treatment plans based on the particular injury or surgical intervention. Rehabilitation of the knee joint is crucial, as it is one of the body’s major weight-bearing joints; it is involved in walking, running, sitting, standing, and climbing stairs. It is important to begin weight-bearing and range-of-motion exercises as early as possible, progressing in difficulty at a rate appropriate to the patient’s needs and abilities. It also is important to consistently manage the patient’s pain and swelling through ice, compression, elevation, bracing, and/or immobilization. A knee rehabilitation program may include proprioceptive exercises, plyometrics, gait analysis, and cycling. During a patient’s first visit to therapy, the therapist will complete an initial evaluation, during which the clinician will ask the patient questions about the history of his or her injury and perform an examination. If the patient doesn’t know for certain what is causing his or her knee pain, the physical therapist will provide a diagnosis and plan based on the evaluation.