Medical massage—also known as clinical massage or treatment massage—involves applying a specific type of massage treatment with the goal of achieving a specific outcome related to a patient’s diagnosis. It differs from traditional massage in that the massage therapist completes a thorough assessment and evaluation of the patient’s condition or injury and then applies a targeted treatment to the affected area. Medical massage has been shown to successfully treat many different ailments and conditions, including carpal tunnel syndrome, sciatica, rotator cuff injuries, piriformis syndrome, migraines and headaches, fibromyalgia, plantar fasciitis, restless leg syndrome, constipation, muscle cramps, and edema. While many massage schools and educational programs teach medical massage, there actually is no single technique that is considered medical massage. It is merely the application of existing massage techniques in a treatment context. However, this category of massage fills the need for skilled, hands-on treatment of those with chronic pain or other injuries. Clients should pay attention to the training and education their therapist has received to ensure he or she is qualified to provide treatment for their condition. Massage therapists who provide medical massage can contract with insurance companies in some states; however, many insurances do not provide coverage for this service.