The demands on baseball players—specifically those 18 and up—can lead to injury and a decrease in performance level. A throwing program in the off-season can help combat some of these risks. With a proper strength-training regimen with throwing exercises, and stretching can prepare an athlete for a rigorous season. If a player happens to be injured, or faced with recovery from surgery, a throwing program can ease him back into game-shape.
When a baseball player throws the ball, it involves more than just the arm. The feet, ankles, legs, pelvis, hips, trunk and shoulders are all working together in the transfer of energy. A good throwing program will address the mechanics of the entire body. A proper warm up is key, along with appropriate rest times to avoid fatigue. Fatigue can quickly lead to injury if not kept in check. Athletes tend to be hyper-competitive, and it can be difficult for them to see their own signs of fatigue.
Overuse and proper form can also lead to injury. Mechanics of throwing are an integral part of a throwing program. Intensity must also be tightly controlled by the athletic trainer, coach, or physical therapist leading the program. Batting is also commonly introduce into a throwing program and uses different muscle groups than the ones used for throwing. It’s important for throwing and batting intensity to be evaluated by a professional healthcare practitioner to avoid long-term damage to the player.